What is the division of labor in the process of making a film?
In a film, we often see titles such as director, actor, producer, producer and so on. What is the process of a film from conception to release? What is the division of labor, and how big is the role of the director open
Producer: generally, they are responsible for the market research in the early stage of the film, see whether the film market of similar films has prospects (such as box office, popularity, possibility of sequels, etc.), and determine whether it is worth producing the film through investigation. If the answer is yes, they will find the film group they belong to, invest in producers and relevant personnel, and start selecting directors, scripts, actors, sponsors, etc.
Producer: the task is basically the same as that of the producer. He is responsible for the "catalysis" of the whole film, urging everyone to finish the film quickly, but also ensuring the quality. At the same time, he is also the "manager" in the process of shooting the film, responsible for supervising the whole film production process to ensure that everyone does not "cheat and play tricks" and waste the money of investors, which is similar to the role of engineering supervisor.
Consultant: if it is a film with historical themes or other professional themes, in order to make the film more convincing or credible and provide necessary guidance and help, the producer will invite authoritative persons as film consultants.
Director: be responsible for the characters engraved in the script, and use various shooting resources (props, venues, actors, etc.) to deduce the script, film and copy it.
Deputy director: both director and producer. He is the right hand of the director.
Producer: mainly for the script, to maintain the original appearance of the script and give advice to the director's shooting work.
Actor: interpret the content of the script according to the requirements of the director and the script.
Field Affairs (Drama Affairs): be responsible for providing necessary items and convenience measures for shooting films, such as preparing props, selecting scenes, maintaining studio order, doing well in logistics services, etc.
Set Artist: responsible for arranging the set according to the script and the director's requirements.
Lighting: in order to achieve the artistic effect of the film, the lighting effect of the set shall be arranged according to the requirements of the script and the director.
Stylist: according to the script and the director's requirements, make shapes for the actors in the film.
Makeup Artist: "heavy makeup and light makeup are always appropriate". Makeup artists also need to make up actors according to the script and director's requirements, and also consider the modeling requirements.
Stunt personnel: according to the content of the script, they can add wonderful scenes to the film, but they must use professionals to perform. Stunt personnel can't do without.
Post processing: after the closing of the film as a whole, after seeing the master film, the director and producer feel that some places need to be processed by scientific and technological means to achieve the artistic effect of the film. If necessary, some scenes may be remade. There are music, dubbing, subtitles, special effects, etc. There will be composers, dubbing actors, special effects personnel, etc.
Composition: to arrange appropriate music for a film. There will also be bands, conductors, singers and other personnel.
Editing: because there will inevitably be a lot of repeated or redundant scenes in the shooting process, in order to make the overall effect of the film natural, harmonious and smooth, and take into account the style requirements of the director and the script, the editor needs to cut off the unnecessary scenes in the whole film.
Film copy: after the master film processing is completed, the producer will find a professional film copy company to copy shell films and transport them to local film markets for listing or release.